biological activity of medicinal plants

74%. globally vulnerable plant species found in the evergreen forests of India (Thakur et al., 1989). Sixteen ethno-medicinal plant species belonging to sixteen genera and ten families collected from Wadi Alarbaeen of Saint Catherine, Sinai, Egypt were investigated macro- and micromorphologically. Medicinal plants are part and parcel of human society to combat diseases, from the dawn of civilization. Medicinal plants have been used as a source of therapies since ancient times in Egypt. The studies show the medicinal plants with emphasis on their antimicrobial, antioxidant properties of Foeniculum vulgare, Cuminum cyminum, Pegnum harmala, Rosmarinus officinalis and Chenopodium . 76%. Antibacterial activity was carried with six different species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) by using disc diffusion method. Biological Activity Prediction of an Ethno Medicinal Plant Cinnamomum camphora Through Bio-informatics D. Abiya Chelliah PG & Research Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology St.Xavier's College (Autonomous), Tirunelveli - 627 002, Tamilnadu, India E-mail: abiya@scientist.com Tel: 9976106111 Issued 2 April 2008 Introduction Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Table 1. There has been increasing evidence, that endophytic bacteria can stimulus plant growth significantly by the production of phytohormones analogous to PGPR activity. Thus, these plants are potential reservoirs of bioactive compounds for drug discovery and development. So far, a less thorough examination has been made in this regard. Recent papers in Biological Activities of Medicinal Plants. Dr. Laura De Martino. properties are important in medicinal plant research. Our medicinal plant laboratory in collaboration with some universities and research institutions undertakes different tests on the effects of all the trials (propagation, cultivation, processing and storage) on medicinal plants. Cissampelos is a significant genus comprising of approximately 21 species of the medicinal plants (Menispermaceae). The studies show the medicinal plants with emphasis on their antimicrobial, antioxidant properties of Foeniculum vulgare, Cuminum cyminum, Pegnum harmala, Rosmarinus officinalis and Chenopodium . De Wilde, is a small composition, biological activities, research work done, projects sanctioned to this plant species and the future prospects of this important neglected plant species for research in . Biological Activities of Certain Indian Medicinal Plants available in Paperback. Higher plants also produce a variety of different types of compounds, including biologically active proteins. Secondary Metabolites of Medicinal Plants: Ethnopharmacological Properties, Biological Activity and Production Strategies is presented in four parts. Medicinal plants are known to harbor potential endophytic microbes, due to their bioactive compounds. Biological activity of some Egyptian Medicinal Plants Thesis Submitted for the Degree of PhD of Science (Microbiology) By Al-Shimaa Saber Mohamed Abd-Elmegeed M.Sc. one Chinese cultivated medicinal plant in the treatment of immune related diseases. In this study, five bacterial endophytes were isolated and identified from the medicinal plant, Alectra . Herbs Reported biological activities Active compounds Withania somnifera Lavanya J, Selvam SP, Priya MJ, Jacintha P, Aradana M. 2016. Recently, much attention has been paid to the extracts obtained from plant species in order to analyse their biological activities. This study aimed to evaluate antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of selected medicinal plants against . Title: Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities of Vietnamese Medicinal Plants Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Author(s): Arjun H. Banskota, Yasuhiro Tezuka, Quan Le Tran and Shigetoshi Kadota Affiliation: Department of Natural Products Chemistry, Institute of Natural Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630-Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194, Japan,Japan Biological properties of medicinal plants: A review of their antimicrobial activity December 2009 Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 16(3):402-413 Journal of Tropical Medicine, 1-5. . Literature based proof of biological and pharmacological activities. There are various studies that have been carried out on these plants for evaluating their biological activities and identifying their active ingredients. also suggested t he antiinflamatory activity of C. fistu lla plant various doses of ethanolic extract (ELE) (5 0, 10 0, 250, 500 and 750 mg kg -1 b wt) were tested for an t i-infla mmat ory agai . Buy Biological activities of certain Indian medicinal plants: Extracts with therapeutic potential on Amazon.com FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders Biological activities of certain Indian medicinal plants: Extracts with therapeutic potential: Aqil, Farrukh, Ahmad, Iqbal: 9783838340692: Amazon.com: Books Considerable biological activities were exhibited by each methanolic extract of plants. Abstract 'Rumex dentatus L'. Chemical constituents and biological activity of medicinal plants used for the management of sickle cell disease - A review Kunle Oluyemisi Folashade and Egharevba Henry Omoregie* Department of Medicinal Plant Research and Traditional Medicine, National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Idu-Industrial Area, Abuja, Nigeria. Plants synthesize hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defense against insects, fungi, diseases, and herbivorous mammals.Numerous phytochemicals with potential or established biological activity have been identified. 2012, 1(3), 7-11 Journal of Scientific Research in Pharmacy Review Article Available online throug h ISSN: 2277-9469 www.jsrponline.com Biological activity of medicinal plant Cassia fistula - A review Maya Kushawaha and R. C. Agrawal* Department of Research, Priyamvada Birla Cancer Research Ins titute, JD Birla Road,Satna, Madhya Pradesh, India. (Polygonaceae) plant is an annual or biennial herb, often grows wildly in moist areas, it is also known as introduced species that is, living outside its nativedistributional range. Due to increased antimicrobial resistance against current drugs, new alternatives are sought. They produce definite physiological action on the human body. European Journal of Botany, Plant Sciences and Phytology Vol.2, No.4, pp.17-30, December 2015 ___Published by European Centre for Research Training and Development UK (www.eajournals.org) ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS AND THE 17 ISSN 2055-8139(Print), ISSN 2055-8147(Online) BIOLOGICAL Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of selected medicinal plants against human oral pathogens. Consequently, the nature of these metabolites as well as strategies for the targeted expression and/or . Add to Wishlist.

Extracts isolated from medicinal plants have been reported exhibit various biological activities such as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities [].The antimicrobial compounds from medicinal plants may inhibit the growth of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa by different mechanisms than those of presently used . It is hoped that this scientific research will aware the related partners in Nepal to search for safe, efficacious, cheap alternative antibacterials of plant origin and may create an opportunity for biological conservation of the medicinal plants and cultural diversity conservation. Antimicrobial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts. Due to the climate diversity in Tunisia, the traditional pharmacopoeia consists of a wide arsenal of medicinal plant species since long used in folk medicine, in foods as spices, and in aromatherapy. In a first study of ongoing research, endophytic bacteria were isolated from two medicinal plants, Hypericum perforatum and Ziziphora capitata with contrasting antimicrobial activities from the Chatkal Biosphere Reserve of Uzbekistan, and their plant-specific traits involved in biocontrol and . Since ancient times, natural products from various plants have been used for the treatment of different diseases. Out of these 44 endemic medicinal plants, the biological activities of 22 plants and the phytochemical profiles of 13 plants are reported in the literature. The results of our study on these four plants revealed that the examined fruits were a valuable source of nutraceuticals and exhibited good level of antimicrobial activity. Lungworts (members of genus Pulmonaria), especially Pulmonaria officinalis, have been used as medicinal plants in folk and traditional medicine. Maximum antifungal activity was exhibited by Datura inoxia i.e. Mangrove and beach forests are rich in medicinal and edible plants. Nevertheless, the scientific knowledge of indigenous plants from East Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo) is still limited. Table 1: Commonly used Medicinal Plants in Rasayana Therapy. 70% ethanolic extracts of these plants also were investigated for their biological activity versus different microorganisms.

66, no . Secondary Metabolites of Medicinal Plants: Ethnopharmacological Properties, Biological Activity and Production Strategies is an important book for students, professionals, and biotechnologists interested in the biological and pharmacological activity and ethnopharmacological properties of plants. Biological activities of the essential oils and methanol extract of tow cultivated mint species (Mentha longifolia and Mentha pulegium) used in the Tunisian folkloric medicine. Table 2 summarizes some of the medicinal plants rich in flavonoid contents. Currently, data on the antimicrobial activity of numerous plants, so far considered empirical, have been scientiically conirmed, concomitantly with the increasing number of reports on pathogenic . The overall goals of this research are to establish in vitro cultures of various medicinal plants, investigate their active ingredients and conduct preliminary bioassays to assess biological activity of medicinal plant products or extracts. Examination of these plant species can be interesting, considering the trend of growth in the use of natural products for the prevention and treatment of numerous diseases. The present study was designed to investigate the anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant and anti-tumor activities of aqueous and organic extracts from twenty selected medicinal plants, cultivated in Egypt then evaluate the anti-bacterial and anti-tumor activity of the most abundant identified phenolic compounds . This article aims to give a quick reference to the biological activities of few Indian medicinal plants. In this work, total phenolic and flavonoid content,. Pub. Title: Chemical Constituents and Biological Activities of Vietnamese Medicinal Plants VOLUME: 3 ISSUE: 2 Author(s):Arjun H. Banskota, Yasuhiro Tezuka, Quan Le Tran and Shigetoshi Kadota Affiliation:Department of Natural Products Chemistry, Institute of Natural Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 2630-Sugitani, Toyama 930-0194, Japan DOI: 10.5530/ajbls.2021.10.34. Introduction: Myrtenal, a component of many plants` essential oils, is a bicyclic monoterpenoid. Numerous effects of myrtenal in experimental animals have been found - bronchodilatory, anti-inflammatory, anti-aggregative and antihemolytic (in vitro), and antibacterial. Res. ABSTRACT. Background: Antimicrobial resistance represents a serious threat to human health across the globe. Key words: antibacterial activity, in vitro, ethnomedicinal plants The biological tests include antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity as well as phytochemical screening and Thin Layer Chromatographic fingerprint of the samples are performed. They are being studied in a broad screening programme for their anti-inflammatory activity, using carrageenin foot oedema in rats. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the phenolic contents, and biological activities of ethanol extracts from the leaves of eight plant species used by the Medicinal plants are re-emerging as an important source of novel bioactive compounds for human health.

Furthermore, the development of new antibiotics has slowed dramatically since the 1950s' golden age of discovery. INTRODUCTION. Keys words: medicinal plants - Artemia salina - Biomphalaria glabrata - Cladosporium sphaerospermum - antibacterial activity - Brazil The Brazilian savanna, known as "cerrado", comprises a very rich and characteristic flora (Burman 1991) that covers more than 2 million square kilometers of Brazilian inland (Ferri 1973). This makes alternative therapies, for example based on medicinal plants and their natural pharmacologically active compounds, a promising and important avenue of research. Bacterial endophytes are known to reside inside tissues of plants and can form a variety of different relationships including symbiotic, mutualistic, commensalistic and ammensalism. Among the plant species of the Agavacea family to which various biological effects have been . Its other activities have been studied - antioxidant, antitumor, antihyperglycemic, vasodilating, heart rate reducing and . Endophytic bacteria associated with medicinal plants are recognized as valuable sources of novel secondary metabolites possessing antimicrobial, antitumor, insecticidal, and antiviral activities. LD 50 calculated for cytotoxic activity that was significant for all the plants. Biological screening of the plants in this study revealed that the most chemical substances found in the plants were tannins, phenolic compounds and flavonoids. The leaves of this plant have been . The . p 101-105. The biological tests include antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity . a bird's eye view mainly on the biological activities of some of the neem compounds isolated, pharmaco-logical actions of the neem extracts, clinical studies and plausible medicinal applications of neem along with their safety evaluation.

biological activity of medicinal plants